|Glossary of Terms:
Advance Deposit Account - A debit account into which a
mailer deposits funds that are maintained by the USPS and from
which postage is later deducted at the time of mailing. (Also
called trust account.)
Automation–Compatible Mail - Mail that can be
scanned and processed by automated mail processing equipment such
as a barcode sorter.
Balloon Rate - A rate charged for Priority Mail and
Parcel Post items that weigh less than 15 pounds and measure more
than 84 inches but no more than 108 inches in combined length and
Bulk Mail - The term is generally
used to describe presorting mail including Presorted First-Class
Mail and Standard Mail.
Bulk Mail Center (BMC) - A highly
mechanized mail processing plant that distributes Standard Mail in
piece and bulk form. (Also see auxiliary service facility.)
Business Mail Entry Unit (BMEU) -
The area of a postal facility where mailers present bulk,
presorted, and permit mail for acceptance. The BMEU includes
dedicated platform space, office space, and a staging area on the
Carrier Route Presort Mail - Mail
sorted by carrier route to qualify for discount postage rates. The
mail requires no primary or secondary distribution. The term is a
general descriptor of the available rates for this type of
preparation, which includes Enhanced Carrier Route Standard Mail,
automation carrier route First–Class Mail, carrier route
Periodicals, and carrier route Bound Printed Matter. (Also called
Enhanced Carrier Route Standard Mail.)
Destination Entry Discount - A
postage discount for depositing mail at specific postal facilities
(e.g., delivery unit or bulk mail center) that are closer to the
final destination of the mail.
Full Letter Tray - A tray filled
at least three–fourths full with faced, upright pieces. Each
tray must be physically filled to capacity before the filling of
the next tray. A tray with less mail may be prepared only if
less–than–full or overflow trays are permitted by the
standards for the rate claimed. (Also see
less–than–full tray and overflow tray.)
Indicia - Imprinted designation on
mail that denotes postage payment (e.g., permit imprint).
Known Office of Publication - The
business office of a Periodicals publication that is in the city
where the original entry for Periodicals mailing privileges is
Mailing Permit - Permission to
mail at bulk (presorted) rates.
Meter Tape - A piece of adhesive
paper that is fed through a postage meter and imprinted with
postage. The meter tape is then applied to a mailpiece (usually a
large envelope or parcel that is too big to fit through the postage
Nonmachinable Surcharge - A
surcharge applied to mailpieces that cannot be sorted on mail
processing equipment because of size, shape, content, or address
legibility. Such mail must be processed manually.
Oversized Rate - Parcel Post rate
for pieces exceeding 108 inches but not more than 130 inches in
combined length and girth.
Permit Imprint - Printed indicia,
instead of an adhesive postage stamp or meter stamp, that shows
postage prepayment by an authorized mailer.
Postage Meter - A device that can
print one or more denominations of postage onto a mailpiece or
meter tape. It is available for lease only from designated
Presort - The process by which a
mailer prepares mail so that it is sorted to the finest extent
required by the standards for the rate claimed. Generally, presort
is performed sequentially, from the lowest (finest) level to the
highest level, to those destinations specified by standard and is
completed at each level before the next level is prepared. Not all
presort levels are applicable to all mailings.
Mailing - A nonautomation rate category for a mailing that
consists of at least 500 addressed mailpieces and is sorted and
prepared according to USPS standards. This mail does not bear a
Presorted Mail - A form of mail
preparation, required to bypass certain postal operations, in which
the mailer groups pieces in a mailing by ZIP Code or by carrier
route or carrier walk sequence (or other USPS–recommended
Presorted Rates - A discounted
postage rate. In exchange for this lower postage rate, mailers must
sort their mail into containers based on the ZIP Code destinations
on the mail.
Residual Shape Surcharge - A
surcharge applied to Standard Mail pieces that are prepared as
parcels or that are not letter size or flat size (e.g., mailing
Sectional Center Facility (SCF) -
A postal facility that serves as the processing and distribution
center (P&DC) for post offices in a designated geographic area
as defined by the first three digits of the ZIP Codes of those
offices. Some SCFs serve more than one 3–digit ZIP Code
Single-Piece Rate - The
"undiscounted" or "full" postage rate available for individual
pieces of Express Mail, First–Class Mail, Priority Mail, and
Package Services. Single-piece rates contrast with rates available
for presorted mail.
Sort - To separate mail by a
scheme or ZIP Code range; to separate and place mail into a carrier
case; to distribute mail by piece, package, bundle, sack, or pouch.
(Also see primary, secondary, and tertiary.
Sortation - The distribution or
separation of mail to route it to its final delivery point. (Also
see mail processing.)
Weighted Fee - The fee charged the
sender for Standard Mail pieces endorsed "Address Service
Requested" or "Forwarding Service Requested" that are returned as
undeliverable. The fee equals the single-piece First-Class Mail
rate x a factor of 2.472, rounded to the next whole cent.
Zoned Rate - A rate structure for
certain Priority Mail, Periodicals (except nonadvertising portion),
and Package Services (Parcel Post and Bound Printed Matter) that is
based on weight and distance traveled (or zones crossed).
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